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Ethnobotany

The ehnopharmacology, a transdisciplinary scientific approach, finds its interest in empiric knowledge of rural populations in terms of usage of medicinal and traditional remedies. Ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology are very important to preserve, within the pharmacopoeia, a written trace of traditional medicines which transmission is based on oral tradition. Until now, no exhaustive publication exists concerning usage of the Lebanese plants was found. The purpose of my work was to list the use of plants as a foundation for a national survey, so as to preserve the knowledge of these medicinal plants which is rapidly going to be lost. It would also serve as a source of herbal remedies and to contribute to the creation of a national pharmacopoeia.

In fact 2607 of wild species of which 92 are endemics can be found in only 10452 km2. From 2002, and as part of my studies, my PhD and my continuous work, I carried out ethnobotanical surveys throughout the entire territory of Lebanon to document the information about traditional medicinal practices based on herbal remedies, in order to preserve a useful tradition and to study the possibilities for utilizing such plants more extensively to the benefit of the health of the country people and economy. I have interviewed in every locality herbalists “Attarin or dabbous”, folk healers, older experienced people and midwives “daye”.

This work, allowed me to identify 529 species distributed in 102 botanical families, currently used as herbal remedies. When doing this work, I have identified and took a lot of pictures of the Lebanese Flora, Lebanese Landscape, Herbalists, Healers, etc. In this section, I share with you those experiences along with other experiences in Doha, Abu Dhabi, Germany and France.